“The International Urban Design Competition for the Regeneration of Tongyeong Dockyard” was conducted to formulate successful implementation strategies for an economy-based urban regeneration “New Deal” project for the area and propose ideas for the development of a globally renowned cultural and tourism hub. The project aimed to utilise the site of the former Shina Dockyard, part of the industrial legacy of Tongyeong, to implement a sustainable, exemplary urban regeneration project where history, culture and the natural environment were integrated together, in a distinct and unique proposal from the traditional model of development.
The international competition was conducted through a two-stage, named invitee format, whereby seven teams out of twenty expressions of interest were shortlisted to put forward detailed master plan proposals. Given the complex nature of the site and scale of the project, the competition was designed to encourage experts from various disciplines to come together to for multi-disciplinary teams to put together a detailed urban regeneration strategy that extended beyond urban design to address the economic feasibility of the proposals.
The seven submissions proposed a variety of different creative ideas for the regeneration of the Tongyeong Dockyard site. The proposals can be grouped based on the following strategies - residential-commercial complex proposals, flexible development proposals based on sub-division of the site into smaller precincts, and high-density, large scale development proposals.
Considering the unique circumstances and conditions, the Jury Panelidentified the following ten criteria to guide evaluation of the submissions:
①Derivation of attractive culture and tourism contents: ② deference for the sense of place of the old dockyard site and creative use thereof, ③ whether locally based new industries and economic activities could be generated, ④ rationality of space and land utilization (appropriate distribution among residential, commercial, business and cultural spaces), ⑤ phase by phase consideration of the plan, commercial viability and practicability, ⑥ deference for the natural environment, including the sea and the mountains, etc., and appropriate and useful connection therewith, ⑦ utilization and connection with local assets and possibility of citizen participation, ⑧ consistency between the long-term urban vision of Tongyeong City and the present project, ⑨ possibility of linkage and combined development with the existing urban regeneration zones, ⑩ strategies for linkage with the old urban center of Tongyeong City and enhancement of approachability.
Based on these ten criteria, the Jury Panel unanimously selected ‘Tongyeong Camp Mare’ after in-depth deliberation. The winning submission was assessed to have the following outstanding attributes - Firstly, the proposal successfully identified the cultural resources of the region and utilised them as a core component of the regeneration strategy. The twelve proposed ‘educational’ programmes were assessed to be appropriate for the economic regeneration of Tongyeong and a meaningful attempt to both enhance the skills of the local citizens and attract people from outside into the area. Secondly, the proposal was commended for strong use of space and land utilization which were systematically composed and allowed for flexible responses to changes in the future. Phase by phase implementation plans were also clear and practocal, providing confidence that the project could be implemented successfully. Thirdly, the formation of a strong ‘Green and Blue Network’ extending the greenery of the Mireuk Mountain into the site and extending the water from the sea sought to create a sustainable environment and natural setting. In addition, the proposal to adopt a minimal intervention approach to the retention of the existing slipway dock and dockyard crane of the former dockyard site was assessed to allow for faithful preservation of the memory of the site whilst creating a meaningful and attractive public space as the centerpiece of the regenerating strategy. Fourthly, the proposals for entrepreneurship, education and R&D spaces appeared to be thoroughly investigated evaluated to be appropriate, suitable for the context and practical to the extent that they could be realised through the urban regeneration process.
The support of the participating stakeholders, agencies and citizens will be critical in the successful realisation of the proposal. Tongyeong City, citizens, local businesses and the public corporation (LH) will have to cooperate to facilitate effective and strong governance, in addition to securing a sustainable support base. In particular, in soliciting active support from the central and local government, as well as participation of the private sector, in establishing the twelve educational programmes that form a core part of the regeneration strategy.
It is hoped that the winning proposal will directly impact on the citizens of Tongyeong and the participating stakeholders through its human-oriented cultural urban regeneration programmes, and serve as an exemplary model for the regeneration of a post-industrial city.